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Харьков “город-Герой”?

Как известно Харькову не было присуждено город-Герой, а интересовались ли Вы почему?

Когда в 1941м в октябре месяце город был сдан практически без единого выстрела, да местный комитет обороны готовил город, минировал, строили огневые точки и опорные пункты но город сдали как и сотни других. 41й закончился относительно спокойно. Весной, 42 года, генералами РККА был разработан план стратегического наступления войск на южном направлении и освобождение города Харькова, сделано это было вопреки огромному количеству противников этого плана наступления. Однако Тимошенко, тогда командующий западным фронтом, пренебрег и подписал приказ о наступлении, штурм города был назначен а апрель месяц. Плохо укомплектованы и подготовленные войска начали наступление, арт подготовка была очень скудной, а на некоторых участках фронта попросту ее просто не было, грамотные тактические действия Вермахта не позволили захватить город быстро, тяжелые и упорные бои развернулись на участке фронта от Славянска до Чугуева, в ходе боевых действий образовался так называемый Барвенковский выступ, а позже котел, фланговые и лобовые атаки РККА не привели к успеху, немецкая армия полностью контролировала ситуацию, и вот 27 апреля 1942 года котел закрыли. 277000 солдат и офицеров попали в ловушку, Хрущев, на то время представитель ставки, бросил войска и с небольшой группой генералов оставил котел на растерзание врага, все попытки прорыва были безуспешными. Вермахт был более осторожен и генерал Паульс приказал беречь солдат и уничтожать русских пушками и авиацией. В районе Балаклеи началась ликвидация котла. Жара, нехватка воды , лекарств и провизии тоже сделали свое дело. В лесах осталось огромное количество не похороненных бойцов которых обнаруживают поисковые группы до сих пор. Вечная им память!!!

Просчеты генералов и командиров дорого стоили, за их просчеты гибли тысячи и тысячи людей. Сценарий 42го повторился ровно через год, когда войска Вермахта отступали от Сталинграда, а войска РККА уже не могли остановиться и снова в огне оказался Харьков. Город германской армией был оставлен, вопреки приказу Гитлера, но командующий войсками ослушался и отвел войска из города на 70 – 100 км, тем самым дал возможность уплотнить яды, заполнить потери и подойти подкреплению, к Харькову в срочном порядки направили три отборные и свежие дивизии СС, 1я Адольф Гитлер, 2я Дас Райх, 3я Мертвая голова. После прибытия дивизий, в срочном порядке было принято решение вернуть город, 4го марта 1943 года начался штурм города, уже третий в период с 1941 – 43гг, 1я дивизия заходила в лоб, 2я обходила город с севера, 3я с юга через Мерефу, и снова в такой расстановке войск РККА оказалась в ловушке и снова котел, стремительным броском 1я развед рота, из дивизии Адольф Гитлер, командир Курт Майер, прорвала оборону советских войск и устремилась в село Алексеевка, Первомайского района, завязался бой но разведка не отступила, и выиграла время до подхода основных сил, город войска РККА не удержали, и с огромными потерями отошли за Северский Донец. на этот раз потери составили около 200000 безвозвратных потерь.
После взятия города германская армия разрабатывала операцию «Цитадель», Курск, ликвидация советской группировки войск на курском выступе, но это совсем другая история…

3 comments
  1. Харьковчанка
    Mar 19th, 2012 at 12:19 | #1

    Можно было бы и присудить звание города-героя! Столько жертв, настолько тяжелая ситуация была в городе, так отчаянно и мужественно сражались люди своими силами за родной город, за Отечество… Харьковчане не виноваты, что командование провалило план по освобождению!..

  2. Харьковчанин
    Apr 10th, 2012 at 14:05 | #2

    Дело не в том, что командование просчиталось (несколько раз подряд кстати), а в том что местное население в большинстве своём поддерживало Германию! В те времена Харьков ещё получил прозвище как “Полицайский” город.

  3. другой харьковчанин
    Nov 9th, 2012 at 18:27 | #3

    Харьков и сечас ментовской город, каким и был всегда

  4. Charliesi
    Oct 11th, 2017 at 14:18 | #4

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